Bible Overview by Steve Levy and Paul Blackham was popular amoung several of the Christian leaders in Tasmania recently. Levy and Blackham's thesis is that when you read about God described in the Old Testament, particularly in a Christophany you are reading a pre-incarnate appearance of Jesus. Christophanies are an important part of the way in which the Old Testament foreshadows Christ, however they are often ambiguous and don’t always describe the Incarnate Son directly. Furthermore, the elements of the gospel pattern and rhythm appear in Scripture before being completely revealed in the actual Incarnation of the Son. For example, it stretches even a generous understanding of sensor plenior (the idea that the Old Testament authors had access to a full understanding of how their words would be fulfilled) to say Eve knew that Jesus of Nazareth would be the man whose heel would crush the serpent. Andrew Malone of Ridley College has written recently about this in Knowing Jesus in the Old Testament? A Fresh Look at Christophanies. Malone argues that reading a pre-incarnate Jesus back into almost every major appearance of God in the Old Testament is a form of theological anachronism. While I'd attach more Trinitarian importance to theophanies in general than Malone does, his criticism of this new trend is valid.